India/January 02, 2023/Source: https://www.indiatoday.in/
From digitalisation of education to the implementation of NEP 2020, these are the five significant changes the education sector witnessed in 2022.
The education sector is inherently dynamic owing to the influence of new-age pedagogy, advancement in technology, and the rapidly evolving profiles of learners and teachers. This change has only been accelerated by the onset of the Covid pandemic and the education sector’s resilience in recovering from the disruption caused by the closure of institutions. In the year 2022, the sector not just returned to relative normalcy but also made some notable strides toward what may be described as the new paradigm in education.
Major innovations and changes in the education sector were inspired by the precious lessons taken from the pandemic. There was a heightened emphasis on technology integration, collaboration, skill generation, risk mitigation, forecasting, and the development of several soft skills, such as creative thinking, critical thinking, and conflict resolution.
Among the slew of changes witnessed in India’s education sector in 2022, a few stand out the most.
- Digitalisation of Education
The thrust for greater digitalization of education has been made by the government through several initiatives, such as DIKSHA (Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing), online MOOC courses related to NIOS, e-Pathshala web portal, and the National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER) which provides e-content for students, teachers, educators, and parents.
The year 2022 saw the stress on innovations in education delivery through television, radio, and online platforms. Beyond government initiatives, private institutions strengthened their digital infrastructure, trained teachers in ICT, and incorporated blended learning and hybrid learning programmes within the curricula.
This digitalisation helped to make education accessible to a large number of learners and is proving to be a step towards meeting SDG goal number 4 for creating a sustainable society.
- New-age industry skill-set
Education in 2022 focused on nurturing new-age industry skills, such as innovation and creativity skills, technology skills, and interpersonal skills in students. The pedagogy also saw a transformation. Going beyond developing academic excellence in learners, the educators adopted innovative pedagogies that comprised personalized learning, self-paced learning, student-driven learning, and problem-based and collaborative learning aimed at building global citizenship skills.
The start-up culture boomed with over 24 new unicorns. Correspondingly, business education tended towards developing entrepreneurial competencies to fuel the aspirations of young graduates dreaming of creating their own unicorns.
- Focus on Holistic Education and Mental Health and Well-being of Students
Curricula across institutions incorporate learning loss recovery programmes in 2022. The focus shifted toward holistic education with a balanced approach toward knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes. Many institutions adopted the Health Education Curriculum to instill health awareness in learners. Customized programmes to promote the mental health and well-being of students were included.
- NEP 2020 implementation
The National Education Policy is a visionary document that aims to make education holistic, integrated, immersive, and engaging. Its implementation hit a bump with the onset of Covid-19 but picked pace in 2022. Under the aegis of AICTE, institutes are setting up innovation centres to promote the culture of innovation.
Special capacity-building programmes for teachers have been launched in schools and colleges. The setting up of the National Research Foundation (NRF) was put on a fast track.
- Thrust On Internationalism
Greater avenues were explored for further internationalization of Indian education. Traditionally, Indian students have sought learning opportunities in higher education institutions abroad. The trend, however, seems to be reversing in the last few years. In 2022 as well, there was an increased focus on making India a destination country of choice for international students.
All efforts must be made to take these initiatives ahead in 2023 if India is to continue down the road of creating competent human capital to emerge as a developed nation and a knowledge superpower.
This article is authored by Dr. Rajiv R. Thakur, Director General, Jaipuria School of Business, Ghaziabad